Tips for staying safe and cool in hot temperatures - NEWS10 ABC: Albany, New York News, Weather, Sports

Tips for staying safe and cool in hot temperatures

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ALBANY, N.Y. - Albany County Sheriff Craig Apple is reminding residents of ways to prepare and stay safe in hot temperatures.

The National Weather Service is forecasting high heat with daily high temperatures exceeding 90 degrees through at least Friday. Work outdoors should be limited as much as possible. Heat exhaustion can occur with as little as an hour's worth of activity in extreme heat. Prepare by staying well hydrated and nourished during this activity.

Emergency Management Unit has outlined some key considerations to staying safe and healthy during this heat wave:

  • Know the symptoms of heat exhaustion. It typically occurs when people exercise heavily or work in a hot, humid place where body fluids are lost through heavy sweating. Blood flow to the skin increases, causing blood flow to decrease to the vital organs. This results in a form of mild shock. If not treated, the victim's condition will worsen. Body temperature will keep rising and the victim may suffer heat stroke.
  • Recognize that heat stroke is life threatening. The victim's temperature control system, which produces sweating to cool the body, stops working. The body temperature can rise so high that brain damage and death may result if the body is not cooled quickly.
  • Try to stay in an air conditioned environment as much as possible. If your home is not air conditioned, consider spending the warmest part of the day in public buildings such as libraries, movie theaters, shopping malls and other community facilities. Lower floors in the home may be cooler, stay out of the sunshine. Moving air from fans can help cool the skin.
  • Parked automobiles can reach extremely high temperatures in just a few minutes. Do not leave children or pets unattended in vehicles.
  • Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. Use a buddy system when working in extreme heat and take frequent breaks.
  • Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.
  • Stay well hydrated. If possible you should drink 6-8 ounces of water every couple of hours even if you're not thirsty. If you prefer sports drinks try to alternate between them and water. Signs of dehydration include but are not limited to; strong odor and dark colored urine, fatigue, nausea, tachycardia, headache, increased thirst, and in some cases vomiting.
  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine. Most of us like our morning coffee or two but caffeine is a strong diuretic which can accelerate our dehydration.
  • Fruits and vegetables are an excellent source of vitamins and water, and will assist in keeping you hydrated and nourished.
  • With the forecasted high heat indexes sunburn can occur within several minutes of sun exposure. It is a good idea to keep sun block handy if you have the potential to be outdoors without shelter for an extended period of time.
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