ALBANY, N.Y. – With high humidity and temperatures forecasted to climb
into the 90s over the next week, Governor Andrew Cuomo is urging New Yorkers to
take the necessary precautions to battle the excessive heat safely.
"It is important to pay close attention to weather advisories and
warnings, and take action now to protect yourself and your loved ones from this
prolonged, excessive heat wave," Cuomo said. "I urge all New Yorkers to check
on their neighbors, stay inside when possible, stay hydrated and take advantage
of cooling stations if needed."
To counter the harsh heat and humidity, Governor Cuomo offered the
following safety tips:
Slow down on strenuous activity and exercise, especially during the
sun's peak hours – 11 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Exercise in the early morning between 4-7 a.m.
Eat less protein and more fruits and vegetables – protein produces and
increases metabolic heat, which can cause water loss. Eat small meals, but eat
more often. Do not eat salty foods.
Drink at least 2-4 glasses of water per hour during extreme heat, even
if you do not feel thirsty. Avoid beverages containing alcohol or caffeine.
If possible, stay out of the sun and stay in air conditioning. The sun
heats the inner core of your body, resulting in dehydration. If
air-conditioning is not available, stay on the lowest floor, out of the
sunshine, or go to a public building with air conditioning.
If you must go outdoors, wear sunscreen with a high sun protector factor
rating (at least SPF 15) and a hat to protect your face and head. When
outdoors, wear loose-fitting, lightweight and light-colored clothing. Cover as
much skin as possible to avoid sunburn and over-warming effects of sunlight on
Do not leave children, pets or those who require special care in a
parked car or vehicle during periods of intense summer heat – temperatures
inside a closed vehicle can reach over 140 degrees Fahrenheit quickly. Exposure
to high temperatures can kill within a matter of minutes.
Make an effort to check on your neighbors, especially if they are
elderly, have young children or have special needs.
Make sure there is enough water and food for pets and limit their
People who should be particularly aware of heat-related issues:
Elderly persons and small children are mostly affected.
Persons with weight or alcohol problems are very susceptible to heat
Persons on certain medications or drugs.
Heat health hazards to be aware of:
Heat Stroke (also known as sunstroke)
Can be life threatening. Body temperature can rise and cause brain
damage; death may result if not cooled quickly. Signals include hot, red, and
dry skin; changes in consciousness; rapid, weak pulse, and shallow breathing.
Relief for lowering body temperature can be with a cold bath or sponge.
Less dangerous than heat stroke, heat exhaustion usually occurs when
people exercise too heavily or work in warm, humid places where body fluids are
lost. Signals include cool, moist, pale or flushed skin; heavy sweating;
headache; nausea or vomiting; dizziness and exhaustion. If symptoms occur, get
the victim out of sun, and apply cool, wet cloths.
Sunburn slows the skin's ability to cool itself. Signals include redness
and pain; in severe cases, swelling of skin, blisters, fever, and headaches can
occur. Ointments can be a relief for pain in mild cases. A physician should see
Muscular pains and spasms caused by heavy exertion. Loss of water and
salt from sweating causes cramping. Signals are abdominal and leg muscle pain.
Relief can be firm pressure on cramping muscles, or gentle massages to relieve
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